Posts

how to remove black scuff marks from shoes

My Take On Removing Black Scuff Marks

It is a very common issue in floor care… how to remove black scuff marks from shoes on finished floors. Lets face it, you see them on almost every finished floor. Nothing is more frustrating than to take the time to get a floor looking great with high shine and then walk in only to see back scuff marks everywhere.

Over the years, I have asked everyone from floor care experts with decades of experience to the chemists that create floor finish for the manufacturers, why these black marks are such a problem, but have gotten mixed answers. Read more

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish. A Closer Look

Is using a 25 percent solids floor finish a good option for you?

A while back I wrote a post about how many coats of floor finish you should use to protect vinyl composite tile floors. In this post, I used images taken with a microscope at 400x magnification. With these pictures, it was easy to see how thin layers of floor finish first filled in the pores and then created a protective layer on top of the tile.

As stated in the original article, I used a 20% solids floor finish for this demonstration. But not everyone uses these types of floor finish. There are many types of floor finishes. In fact, finishes with 25% solids have really started to take hold in the market and thus made me want to redo the experiment. But first, what is a 25 percent solids floor finish?  Read more

Floor Sealer

Floor Sealer Debate – To Seal or Not To Seal

Do You Need To Use A Floor Sealer?

Here is one of the more common questions when it comes to finishing floors. Do you need to use a floor sealer? The debate goes back and forth on whether you need to use sealer on tile prior to applying finish. This debate is due to a few common misconceptions. Although there have been many that have written on the topic, it seems few get it right. Read more

floor burnishing

Burnishing Floor Finish A Quick Guide

Burnishing Floor Finish

The best way to maintain floor finish shine is high-speed burnishing. This process is done with a rotary machine that has a pad turning speed of more than 1000 rpm but more commonly done at 1500 to 2000 rpm. Burnishing floor finish is helpful for two reasons. First it makes floor finish shine but more important, it makes the floor easier to keep clean. This is because it smooths out the scratches in the floor, removing areas for dirt to settle. Once dirt gets is in the scratches, it is difficult for regular cleaning to remove and with foot traffic will continue to further scratch the floor. Read more

Floor Finish Shine

Floor Finish Shine How It Works

How Does Floor Finish Shine? In another post, I talked about floor finish solids and what they really are. In this one, I will cover why floor finish shines. Floor finish shine is a result of nothing more than the reflection of light on a smooth surface. Getting a floor to have a glossy, wet look is a challenge for many in the floor care industry. This may shed some light (pun intended) on the reasons your floors look dull.

Before we can prescribe a fix for your dull floor, we must establish an understanding of how floor finish shine happens and why floors need finish in the first place. Read more

Floor Finish Solids Wax Solids

Floor Finish Solids Explained

What Are Floor Finish Solids Anyway?

Floor finish solids are an extremely important part of any floor finish. In fact, the solids are really all that is used after floor finish is applied.

The solids are the plastic or polymer molecules that are left on the floor when you apply finish and can have a big impact on the performance of the finish. The size and make up of these polymer molecules can very from brand to brand and can require different types of maintenance. Chemical liquids such as water, emulsifiers, wetting and leveling agents make up the remainder of the floor finish content. But in the end though, the solids
are what make up to protective coating that you rely on.  Read more

How Many Coats of Floor Finish?

How Many Coats of Floor Finish Do You Need?

I am always getting the question “How many floor finish coats do I need to properly protect floors?”

I have always used  4-6 coats as my standard answer. This comes from experience and the manufactures guidelines.

Since I grew up in Missouri and the “Show Me” principle runs through my blood, I thought I would do a little experimenting to find out if I really knew what I was talking about and find out how many floor finish coats were really needed.

Floor Finish Experiment – How Many Floor Finish Coats Are Needed?

Using a USB microscope, a piece of vinyl floor tile (VCT) and a 20% solids floor finish, I set out to take a look at what is going on at the floor level when applying floor finish. Over the years, I have applied countless layers of floor finish. While I have learned to recognize when a floor is properly protected, I wanted to see it up close.

Here Is How I Did It

First I took a new piece of VCT and stripped it using a standard, no rinse floor stripper. I did this by applying the stripper, allowing it to set and then scrubbing with the center of a black floor pad. I then rinsed the tile and allowed it to dry.

Then I took tape and divided the tile into 6 sections and applied a coat of 20% solids floor finish to the entire tile. Allowed it to dry for 30 minutes and then repeated the steps, excluding one section each time I applying additional floor finish coats. Here is what I came up with once the process was complete. (These images were taken at approx. 400x magnification.)

Step 1 – Prepping The Tile
Bare Tile Floor

Step 2 – Apply 1 Floor Finish Coat

One Layer Of Floor Finish

Step 3 – Apply 2nd Layer of Floor Finish

Two Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 4 – Apply 3rd Layer of Floor Finish

Three Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 5 – Apply 4th Layer of Floor Finish

Four Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 6 – Apply 5th Layer of Floor Finish

Five Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 7 – Apply 6th and Final Layer of Floor Finish

Six Layers Of Floor Finish

Analysis and Conclusion

As you can see, there is very little difference between the first and 3rd coat. Once you get to the 4th application, the floor finish really starts to build and show depth.

Since protection is what applying floor finish is all about, I would have to say that a minimum of 4 coats are needed to fill the areas of the floor that would be able to hold dirt and residue. This also where you begin seeing the gloss and shine on the tile.

This helps to answer the question “How many floor finish coats do I need to use.” This of course depends on the type of finish and the floor, but at the minimum, it is a starting point. I don’t think I would ever go to the effort refinishing a floor without applying 6 coats. It is just too much work to not make sure it’s done right.

I have applied more on jobs over the years, but after 6-8 there isn’t much added shine. The number of floor finish coats can determine the longevity of the re-coating cycle, but too many can also be costly.

I would love to hear your thoughts. Let me know in the comments how many floor finish coats you think is right.

bathroom cleaner chemicals
,

Bathroom Cleaner Chemicals

/
Bathrooms have so many different types of surfaces to be cleaned.…
sticky floor
,

Why You Have Sticky Floor and How To Fix It

/
A sticky floor can be a very troublesome issue. It can seem like…
How To Clean Stainless Steel
,

How To Clean Stainless Steel The Right Way

/
The popularity of stainless steel appliances in homes has made…
Neutralizer and neutral cleaner for floors
,

Cleaning Chemicals - Neutralizer or Neutral Cleaner?

/
It seems neutralizer and neutral cleaners get confused a lot.…
Fitness Equipment Cleaning

Fitness Equipment Cleaning

/
Fitness equipment cleaning may be causing you more trouble than…
Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors
,

Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors

/
Rubber gym floors can be a great alternative to hardwood athletic…
25 Percent Solids Floor Finish
,

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish. A Closer Look

/
Is using a 25 percent solids floor finish a good option for you? A…
Floor Finish Yellows
,

Why Floor Finish Yellows and How To Fix It

/
When it comes to floor finish, by far the most wide-spread issue…
how to remove black scuff marks from shoes

My Take On Removing Black Scuff Marks

It is a very common issue in floor care… how to remove black scuff marks from shoes on finished floors. Lets face it, you see them on almost every finished floor. Nothing is more frustrating than to take the time to get a floor looking great with high shine and then walk in only to see back scuff marks everywhere.

Over the years, I have asked everyone from floor care experts with decades of experience to the chemists that create floor finish for the manufacturers, why these black marks are such a problem, but have gotten mixed answers. Read more

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish. A Closer Look

Is using a 25 percent solids floor finish a good option for you?

A while back I wrote a post about how many coats of floor finish you should use to protect vinyl composite tile floors. In this post, I used images taken with a microscope at 400x magnification. With these pictures, it was easy to see how thin layers of floor finish first filled in the pores and then created a protective layer on top of the tile.

As stated in the original article, I used a 20% solids floor finish for this demonstration. But not everyone uses these types of floor finish. There are many types of floor finishes. In fact, finishes with 25% solids have really started to take hold in the market and thus made me want to redo the experiment. But first, what is a 25 percent solids floor finish?  Read more

Floor Sealer

Floor Sealer Debate – To Seal or Not To Seal

Do You Need To Use A Floor Sealer?

Here is one of the more common questions when it comes to finishing floors. Do you need to use a floor sealer? The debate goes back and forth on whether you need to use sealer on tile prior to applying finish. This debate is due to a few common misconceptions. Although there have been many that have written on the topic, it seems few get it right. Read more

floor burnishing

Burnishing Floor Finish A Quick Guide

Burnishing Floor Finish

The best way to maintain floor finish shine is high-speed burnishing. This process is done with a rotary machine that has a pad turning speed of more than 1000 rpm but more commonly done at 1500 to 2000 rpm. Burnishing floor finish is helpful for two reasons. First it makes floor finish shine but more important, it makes the floor easier to keep clean. This is because it smooths out the scratches in the floor, removing areas for dirt to settle. Once dirt gets is in the scratches, it is difficult for regular cleaning to remove and with foot traffic will continue to further scratch the floor. Read more

Floor Finish Shine

Floor Finish Shine How It Works

How Does Floor Finish Shine? In another post, I talked about floor finish solids and what they really are. In this one, I will cover why floor finish shines. Floor finish shine is a result of nothing more than the reflection of light on a smooth surface. Getting a floor to have a glossy, wet look is a challenge for many in the floor care industry. This may shed some light (pun intended) on the reasons your floors look dull.

Before we can prescribe a fix for your dull floor, we must establish an understanding of how floor finish shine happens and why floors need finish in the first place. Read more

Floor Finish Solids Wax Solids

Floor Finish Solids Explained

What Are Floor Finish Solids Anyway?

Floor finish solids are an extremely important part of any floor finish. In fact, the solids are really all that is used after floor finish is applied.

The solids are the plastic or polymer molecules that are left on the floor when you apply finish and can have a big impact on the performance of the finish. The size and make up of these polymer molecules can very from brand to brand and can require different types of maintenance. Chemical liquids such as water, emulsifiers, wetting and leveling agents make up the remainder of the floor finish content. But in the end though, the solids
are what make up to protective coating that you rely on.  Read more

How Many Coats of Floor Finish?

How Many Coats of Floor Finish Do You Need?

I am always getting the question “How many floor finish coats do I need to properly protect floors?”

I have always used  4-6 coats as my standard answer. This comes from experience and the manufactures guidelines.

Since I grew up in Missouri and the “Show Me” principle runs through my blood, I thought I would do a little experimenting to find out if I really knew what I was talking about and find out how many floor finish coats were really needed.

Floor Finish Experiment – How Many Floor Finish Coats Are Needed?

Using a USB microscope, a piece of vinyl floor tile (VCT) and a 20% solids floor finish, I set out to take a look at what is going on at the floor level when applying floor finish. Over the years, I have applied countless layers of floor finish. While I have learned to recognize when a floor is properly protected, I wanted to see it up close.

Here Is How I Did It

First I took a new piece of VCT and stripped it using a standard, no rinse floor stripper. I did this by applying the stripper, allowing it to set and then scrubbing with the center of a black floor pad. I then rinsed the tile and allowed it to dry.

Then I took tape and divided the tile into 6 sections and applied a coat of 20% solids floor finish to the entire tile. Allowed it to dry for 30 minutes and then repeated the steps, excluding one section each time I applying additional floor finish coats. Here is what I came up with once the process was complete. (These images were taken at approx. 400x magnification.)

Step 1 – Prepping The Tile
Bare Tile Floor

Step 2 – Apply 1 Floor Finish Coat

One Layer Of Floor Finish

Step 3 – Apply 2nd Layer of Floor Finish

Two Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 4 – Apply 3rd Layer of Floor Finish

Three Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 5 – Apply 4th Layer of Floor Finish

Four Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 6 – Apply 5th Layer of Floor Finish

Five Layers Of Floor Finish

Step 7 – Apply 6th and Final Layer of Floor Finish

Six Layers Of Floor Finish

Analysis and Conclusion

As you can see, there is very little difference between the first and 3rd coat. Once you get to the 4th application, the floor finish really starts to build and show depth.

Since protection is what applying floor finish is all about, I would have to say that a minimum of 4 coats are needed to fill the areas of the floor that would be able to hold dirt and residue. This also where you begin seeing the gloss and shine on the tile.

This helps to answer the question “How many floor finish coats do I need to use.” This of course depends on the type of finish and the floor, but at the minimum, it is a starting point. I don’t think I would ever go to the effort refinishing a floor without applying 6 coats. It is just too much work to not make sure it’s done right.

I have applied more on jobs over the years, but after 6-8 there isn’t much added shine. The number of floor finish coats can determine the longevity of the re-coating cycle, but too many can also be costly.

I would love to hear your thoughts. Let me know in the comments how many floor finish coats you think is right.

bathroom cleaner chemicals
,

Bathroom Cleaner Chemicals

/
Bathrooms have so many different types of surfaces to be cleaned.…
sticky floor
,

Why You Have Sticky Floor and How To Fix It

/
A sticky floor can be a very troublesome issue. It can seem like…
How To Clean Stainless Steel
,

How To Clean Stainless Steel The Right Way

/
The popularity of stainless steel appliances in homes has made…
Neutralizer and neutral cleaner for floors
,

Cleaning Chemicals - Neutralizer or Neutral Cleaner?

/
It seems neutralizer and neutral cleaners get confused a lot.…
Fitness Equipment Cleaning

Fitness Equipment Cleaning

/
Fitness equipment cleaning may be causing you more trouble than…
Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors
,

Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors

/
Rubber gym floors can be a great alternative to hardwood athletic…
25 Percent Solids Floor Finish
,

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish. A Closer Look

/
Is using a 25 percent solids floor finish a good option for you? A…
Floor Finish Yellows
,

Why Floor Finish Yellows and How To Fix It

/
When it comes to floor finish, by far the most wide-spread issue…
square scrubber floor stripping

Square Scrubber Floor Stripping 101

The idea of a square floor scrubber has been around for decades with limited success. The concept was good but not good enough to change the way the cleaning industry operates. This is quickly changing thanks to the pairing of square scrubber floor stripping with abrasive pad technology. This process mechanically removes floor finish without the need for hazardous chemical strippers. The concept is changing the way floor care is looked and giving those that choose to understand it, a lot of opportunities. But the majority of the industry does not understand why it works. Here is what you need to know about the dry stripping with a square scrubber phenomenon.

Square Scrubber Floor Stripping Pad

First of all, there is a specific pad that must be used. Make sure it has grit impregnated into it and not sprayed on. These are usually a maroon color and relatively thin, compared to standard floor pads.  They are about $10-15 per pad and will cover 1000-2000 sq/ft. when used to remove floor finish in a normal situation.

Surface Floor Stripping

The process is surface stripping. When you completely strip a floor traditionally, you remove all of the finish from the floor, including the pores of the tile. When you re-apply the new floor finish it must fill these pores. This is why the first few coats of finish do not shine. The light is being deflected by the pores. Once the finish is above the pores of the floor, (usually 2-4 coats) the surface is then smooth, so the light reflects directly back to your eye. This is the gloss or shine.

The surface stripping procedure removes the majority of the finish down to the tile level. Since the grit in the pad is larger than the pores in the tile, it does not affect the finish in the pores. Now if there are years of buildup on the floor or if the finish has been worn off and dirt is in the tile, this is not effective and chemical stripping is the best option.

Advantages of Surface Floor Stripping

But in a typical situation, the surface stripping will do a couple of positive things for you. It will allow you to save a ton of time and effort and product. It also will reduce the chances of slip and falls plus there is no odor.

The dust can be controlled with a dust kit which will allow you to attach a back pack vacuum (recommended highly) It will also save A LOT of finish. Since you don’t have to replace the 2-4 coat in the pores of the floor, your first coat of new finish will shine. You can also use it to strip a floor one day and come back later to apply finish. Since the pores are still sealed, dirt won’t settle in to them and require scrubbing to remove.

By integrating square scrubber floor stripping into your floor care program, you will be able to spend less time stripping floors, reduce the chances of injury and save gallons of finish. Learning the limitations and the effects of its use, gives you the knowledge to capitalize on a revolution in the cleaning industry. Send me pictures of your success!

bathroom cleaner chemicals
,

Bathroom Cleaner Chemicals

/
Bathrooms have so many different types of surfaces to be cleaned.…
sticky floor
,

Why You Have Sticky Floor and How To Fix It

/
A sticky floor can be a very troublesome issue. It can seem like…
How To Clean Stainless Steel
,

How To Clean Stainless Steel The Right Way

/
The popularity of stainless steel appliances in homes has made…
Neutralizer and neutral cleaner for floors
,

Cleaning Chemicals - Neutralizer or Neutral Cleaner?

/
It seems neutralizer and neutral cleaners get confused a lot.…
Fitness Equipment Cleaning

Fitness Equipment Cleaning

/
Fitness equipment cleaning may be causing you more trouble than…
Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors
,

Cleaning Rubber Gym Floors

/
Rubber gym floors can be a great alternative to hardwood athletic…
25 Percent Solids Floor Finish
,

25 Percent Solids Floor Finish. A Closer Look

/
Is using a 25 percent solids floor finish a good option for you? A…
Floor Finish Yellows
,

Why Floor Finish Yellows and How To Fix It

/
When it comes to floor finish, by far the most wide-spread issue…